Ancient Egypt is the only civilization in history to have been eclipsed twice and bounced back to prominence on both occasions. Dynasties XIII through XVII saw the Middle Kingdom's decline, the advent of foreign rule, and finally, the expulsion of the Hyksos by a heroic prince of Thebes and his two sons at the end of Dynasty XVII.
Practices we think of as defining ancient Egypt - including the use of a standing army to exact foreign tribute and the burial of the pharaohs in the Valley of the Kings - have their origins in this seminal period. We will also take a detailed look at what warfare was like in the ancient world.
The reign of Hatshepsut during Egypt's New Kingdom has sparked debate throughout time. Female kingship was not unprecedented in Egypt's history, but her ascension to the throne while Regent to the young heir, Thutmose III, has been described as controversial. To legitimise her claim to the throne, she emphasised her divine conception and birth, claiming the god Amun as her father. Military campaigns and an expedition to the land of Punt were dedicated to Amun. To enhance her relationship with the Amun-Re cult, she embarked on a multitude of public works.
One of the greatest individuals in Egyptian history, Hatshepsut appears in no official Egyptian record. When she died, she was "King of Upper and Lower Egypt." How did she handle the three core activities of kingship - building, warfare, and trading expeditions? Why was her name later systematically expunged?
Obelisks are a purely Egyptian invention. Quarrying, transporting, and erecting one is perhaps an even greater engineering feat than the building of a pyramid. Learn the origins and religious significance of obelisks.
For 22 years, Tuthmosis III was second fiddle to his aunt Hatshepsut, who ruled as a king although she was a woman. When she died and he ruled by himself, he became one of the greatest military pharaohs Egypt had ever known. Learn what it meant to be a great king by tracing the epic events of his reign.
What happened when a pharaoh died without issue? Find out by looking at three such cases that arose toward the end of Dynasty XVIII. Tutankhamen, Aye, and Horemheb, the last king of the dynasty, left no children.
There is a bit of a mystery about Ramses's reign. Its last 40 years were rather sedentary. In considering what might have happened, you will see how a pharaoh with the resources of Ramses prepared himself and his family for the next world.
Libyans ruled from the Delta city of Bubastis for 200 years and fought to restore Egypt's greatness. During this time, Egypt became involved with the biblical kingdoms of Judah and Israel. In the end, Egypt suffered division once more, but this time the two halves did not fight one another.
Nubians had been permitted to grow independent, with their leaders taking the title of pharaoh. They were also devoted to Amun, so in a sense, Egypt was their spiritual home. We will see a warrior from the south (Kush) battling a confederation of Egyptian "kings" and unifying Egypt once again.
Ancient Egypt: The Basics offers an accessible and comprehensive introduction to the history, archaeology and influence of this fascinating civilization. Coverage includes: A survey of Egyptian history from its earliest origins to the coming of Islam - Life and death in ancient Egypt - Key archaeological discoveries and important characters - Egypt's impact and reception through to the modern day.
Hieroglyphs were far more than a language. They were an omnipresent and all-powerful force in communicating the messages of ancient Egyptian culture for over three thousand years; used as monumental art, as a means of identifying Egyptianness, and for rarefied communication with the gods.In this exciting new study, Penelope Wilson explores the cultural significance of the script with an emphasis on previously neglected areas such as cryptography, the continuing decipherment into modern times, and examines the powerful fascination hieroglyphs still hold for us today.
This student-friendly introduction to the archaeology of ancient Egypt guides readers from the Paleolithic to the Greco-Roman periods, and has now been updated to include recent discoveries and new illustrations.
L'Annee Philologique (Index to Scholarly Research)
L'Annee Philologique provides access to the citations of scholarly works concerning the Ancient Near East.
The mysteries of Ancient Egypt, the wonderland of the Pharaohs, have always held the world in awe. This volume provides a comprehensive history of this fascinating land from its earliest days to its conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. Gardiner presents background on the Egyptian language, writing, land, its neighbors, and its resources, with a special section devoted to the Egyptian method of determining chronological dates. He then presents a concise history of Egypt from the time of the Old Kingdom, through the Ramesside period, up to the last days of Egyptian independence around 323 B.C.
Written as a catalogue for an exhibition at the Fitzwilliam Museum in June 1988 this book is also an introduction to the sculpture, painting, jewellery, ceramics, calligraphy, literature and metalwork from the Middle Kingdom period of Ancient Egypt 2023-1650BC.
ntroduction: Egypt in an imperial age -- Cities and towns -- The house -- The garden -- The farm and barnyard -- Crafts and tools -- Weights and measures -- Furniture -- Pottery -- Blue-painted pottery -- Clay figure vessels -- Food and drink -- Metal vessels -- Stone vessels -- Baskets and basketry -- Faience vessels -- Egyptian imitations of Aegean vases -- Egyptian blue ware -- Glass -- Costume -- Textiles -- Mirrors -- Razors -- Toilette implements -- Wigs and hair accessories -- Cosmetic arts -- Jewelry -- Music -- Games -- Pets -- Humor -- Writing -- Medicine -- The people's religion.
Spanning the years from c. 5000 B.C. to the early centuries A.D., the Nile Valley civilization was one of the earliest created by humankind. It remains one of the most fascinating and influential. This handy yet encyclopedic reference work offers a comprehensive overview of ancient Egyptianhistory, from Predynastic times to the Old and New Kingdoms to the Ptolemaic and Roman periods.
In this compelling guide and sourcebook, renowned author and scholar Michael Rice introduces us to the inhabitants of ancient Egypt, allowing us to encounter their world through their own eyes. Here are the great and the famous, from Cleopatra to Tutankhamun, but here also are the grave-robber Amenwah, Nakht the gardener and Sebaster the hairdresser. The whole arena of Egyptian life is expressed in these pages. Not only are there nearly a thousand biographies, there is also a chapter on 'Encountering Ancient Egyptians', sections on kingship and on religion, a chronology, a glossary and maps. A combination of erudite scholarship and a clear and accessible style, this volume opens up the world of the ancient Egyptians to all those with an interest in the subject in a way that has never been done before.
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