In ancient Judaism, there was little distinction between religion and politics. In this lecture, explore the importance of the law (the Torah) in the Jewish religion. Then, draw some intriguing connections between the giving of the law to Moses on Mount Sinai and Jesus's own Sermon on the Mount.
Explore what archaeologists have uncovered about the arrival of the Israelites into Canaan. Among the many intriguing artifacts you examine are an ancient Egyptian stele featuring the earliest reference to Israel, the remains of Jericho's walls, and a Philistine temple similar to the one Samson destroyed in the book of Judges.
In this in-depth look at the kingdoms of David and Solomon, follow the transformation of 12 Israelite tribes into a monarchy that eventually crumbled over tensions regarding how to properly worship the God of Israel. Along the way, probe controversies that lie at the heart of modern scholarship's hottest debates.
How (and why) did the First Temple Period end? First, examine the reign of King Josiah, whose popular religious reforms reasserted the importance of Jerusalem's Temple. Then, investigate the Temple's traumatic destruction--and its relationship to Gospel accounts about the destruction of the Second Temple.
In 539 B.C.E., after the Babylonians were subsumed by the Persian Empire, the exiled Judeans were allowed to return to Jerusalem. So what happened next? Find out with this penetrating look at the Persian administration of the Holy Land, the influence of Ezra and Nehemiah, and the birth of early Judaism.
After the end of the Babylonian exile in 539 B.C., returning exiles began to reestablish themselves in Jerusalem under Ezra and Nehemiah. This return would lead to a dramatic schism between Jews and Samaritans--one which, as you'll learn, would influence encounters with Samaritans in Jesus's own time.
Continue examining the Hellenistic influence on the Holy Land: this time on non-Jewish populations in the area. Focus on three distinct cities: Iraq el-Amir (with the remains of an impressive temple or pleasure palace); Marisa (with its fascinating series of caves); and Tel Dor (with its distinctly Hellenistic architectural style).
Turn now to the impact of the Greeks on the Jewish population of Judea. Tour the tumultuous years between 167 and 103 B.C.E., which saw Antiochus IV's imposition of Greek beliefs on the population; the subsequent revolt under Judah Maccabee; the reigns of the Hasmoneans; and more.
By the mid-2nd century B.C.E., various Jewish sects had established themselves. Here, compare and contrast two of the most dominant of these sects: the Pharisees and the Sadducees. What parts of society did they represent? What were their views on religious innovation and free will? With which group did Jesus probably debate?
In this investigation of the Hasmoneans, meet individuals including the cruel king Alexander Jannaeus and his accomplished queen and widow, and examine the civil war between their successors. Then, meet their neighbors to the south: the Nabataeans, a desert people best known for the tombs cut into the cliff faces of their capital city at Petra (in modern-day Jordan).
First, examine the "Letter of Aristeas," which describes translating the Torah into Greek. Then, meet Philo of Alexandria, whose writings (preserved by Christians) are based on an allegorical method of interpreting the Bible. Finally, using a passage from Isaiah, discover why Jews eventually came to reject the authority of the Septuagint translation.
Unpack the hidden meaning and significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls themselves--some of ancient history's most fascinating texts, which date back to the time of Jesus. Among the findings you'll explore here: early copies of the Hebrew Bible, fragments of a Greek translation of the Septuagint, and early biblical commentaries.
Scholars believe the Qumran community, commonly identified with the Essenes, was a sect that lived in anticipation of the End of Days. What was it like to be a member of this ascetic community? What strict codes of purity did it live by? What is Jesus's relationship to this apocalyptic group?
In this final episode on the Qumran sect, investigate the ancient latrines and hygienic practices of the community. Your three sources for insights into this little-explored aspect of everyday life: passages from the Dead Sea Scrolls, observations by the historian Josephus, and remains unearthed from the archaeological site itself.
What insights into the ancient Jewish diaspora communities can we glean from close readings of the Book of Tobit and the Book of Esther? What do these books say about holiness and the treatment of other people (the "golden rule" of Jesus's time)? Join the fascinating historical-literary debate.
In Ancient Israel Lester L. Grabbe sets out to summarize what we know through a survey of sources and how we know it by a discussion of methodology and by evaluating the evidence. The most basic question about the history of ancient Israel, how do we know what we know, leads to the fundamental questions of Grabbe's work: what are the sources for the history of Israel and how do we evaluate them? How do we make them 'speak' to us through the fog of centuries? Grabbe focuses on original sources, including inscriptions, papyri, and archaeology. He examines the problems involved in historical methodology and deals with the major issues surrounding the use of the biblical text when writing a history of this period. Ancient Israel provides an enlightening overview and critique of current scholarly debate. It can therefore serve as a 'handbook' or reference-point for those wanting a catalogue of original sources, scholarship, and secondary studies.
Call Number: Also available in print at UNI Stacks DS110.G2 F56 2013
Publication Date: 2013
Although Israel was dominant for most of the time the kingdoms of Israel and Judah coexisted, it has remained in Judah's shadow in both the Hebrew Bible and consequently in the attention of modern scholarship. This book presents the first comprehensive history of the northern kingdom and description of the archaeology of northern Israel from the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1350 B.C.E.) until the kingdom's fall in 720 B.C.E. and beyond. It tells the story of the northern kingdom primarily in its formative phases. The narrative is based in archaeology and makes use of the most updated field research, with the addition of what is known from ancient Near Eastern and biblical texts. Finkelstein's thirty years of fieldwork in sites related to the northern kingdom have paved the way for a new understanding of the history and archaeology of ancient Israel. Book jacket.
1. Orientation -- Part 1. History. 2. What is history? -- 3. Origins of ancient historiography -- 4. Biblical historiography -- Part 2. 'Israel'. 5. Ancient Israel(s) in the Iron Age -- 6. The 'new Israels': the post-monarchic era -- Part 3. Ancient history and the social sciences. 7. Archaeology -- 8. Sociological approaches to history -- Part 4. Constructing a history of 'ancient Israel'.
An international team of historians, archaeologists and biblical scholars discuss new perspectives on the archaeology, history and biblical traditions of ancient Jerusalem and examine their ethical, literary, historical and theological relationships. Essays range from a discussion of the Hellenization of Jerusalem in the time of Herod to an examination of its identity and myth on the Internet, while Thomas L. Thompson's informed Introduction queries whether a true history of ancient Jerusalem and Palestine can in fact ever be written.Contributors include: Thomas L. Thompson, Michael Prior, Niels Peter Lemche, Margreet Steiner, Sara Mandell, John Strange, Firas Sawwah, Lester Grabbe, Philip Davies, Thomas M. Bolin, Ingrid Hjelm, David Gunn and Keith Whitelam.
Israel's development The Exodus group and the Exodus story; The history of Israel; By way of conclusion; Chapter 2: Iron Age: Tribes to Monarchy; Writing the history of ancient Israel; Origins of Israel; Samuel; The Philistines; Saul; David; Relationship of Saul and David; Solomon; Conclusions; Chapter 3: Israel and Judah (c.931-587 BCE); War between Israel and Judah (c.931-881 BCE); The dynasty of Omri/Ahab (c.881-841); The dynasty of Jehu (c.841-749); The last kings of Israel (c.750-722); The kingdom of Judah alone (c.722-587); Chapter 4: Babylonian Exile and Restoration (587-325 BCE).
Judah under Babylonian ruleThe Babylonian exile; The start of Persian rule; Constitutional arrangements; Judah under the Persians; Temple building; Ezra; Nehemiah; The fourth century; Samaria and the Samaritans; Conclusions; Chapter 5: The Hellenistic and Roman Era; The Hellenistic era; The Ptolemaic era; The Seleucid era; The Maccabean revolt; The Hasmoneans; The Jewish sects; The end of Hasmonean rule
Women's Lives in Biblical Times
by Jennie R. Ebeling
Call Number: Ebook Central or EBSCO eBook Academic
Publication Date: 2010
This volume describes the lifecycle events and daily life activities experienced by girls and women in ancient Israel examining recent biblical scholarship and other textual evidence from the ancient Near East and Egypt including archaeological, iconographic and ethnographic data. From this Ebeling creates a detailed, accessible description of the lives of women living in the central highland villages of Iron Age I (ca. 1200-1000 BCE) Israel. The book opens with an introduction that provides a brief historical survey of Iron Age (ca. 1200-586 BCE) Israel, a discussion of the problems involved in using the Hebrew Bible as a source, a rationale for the project and a brief narrative of one woman's life in ancient Israel to put the events described in the book into context.
This revised edition, published in 1960, brings up to date a book first published in 1954--a concisely organized, simply written account of the society that produced the Bible. As the author traces the fluctuating fortunes of the Hebrews and Israelites between about 2000 and 300 B.C.E., the reader can see how Jewish religious concepts developed in the context of actual historical situations.
v. 1. Social institutions. Introduction: Nomadism and its survival -- Part I: Family institutions. The family ; Marriage ; The position of women, widows ; Children ; Succession and inheritance ; Death and funeral rites -- Part II: Civil institutions. Population ; The free population : its divisions ; Slaves ; The Israelite concept of the state ; The person of the king ; The royal household ; The principal officials of the king ; The administration of the kingdom ; Finance and public works ; Law and justice ; Economic life ; Divisions of time ; Weights and measures -- Part III: Military institutions. The armies of Israel ; Fortified cities and siege warfare ; Armaments ; War ; The holy war.
v. 2. Religious institutions. Part IV: Religious institutions. Semitic sanctuaries ; The first Israelite sanctuaries ; The temple at Jerusalem ; The centralization of the cult ; The priestly office ; The Levites ; The priesthood in Jerusalem under the monarchy ; The priesthood after the exile ; Altars ; The ritual of sacrifice ; The history of sacrifice in Israel ; The origin of Israelite ritual ; The religious significance of sacrifice ; Secondary acts of the cult ; The liturgical calendar ; The Sabbath day ; The ancient feasts of Israel ; The later feasts.
The land of Canaan. Forerunners and origins ; The Canaanites -- From Abraham to the judges. The patriarchs ; Moses ; Conquest and settlement -- The united kingdom. The Philistines, Samuel and Saul ; David ; Solomon ; The invention of history -- The divided kingdoms. The northern monarchy : Israel ; Northern prophecy and history ; The southern monarchy : Judah ; Southern legend and prophecy -- Babylonian and Persian rule. Prophecy and history in the dispersion ; The climax of Hebrew thought ; The new Judaism -- Greek rule and liberation. Life and thought under the Greeks ; Independence regained -- Roman dependency. Herod the Great ; The road to rebellion.