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Formatting Your Thesis/Dissertation: References

Learn about Graduate College formatting requirements.

References/Bibliography/Works Cited

 All theses and dissertations should contain appropriate documentation; that is, references to original literature relevant to the research presented in the paper. The first page of the reference/bibliography section should immediately follow the last page of the text. The latest edition of the department style manual should be consulted as to the information requirements of an entry, the order of presentation of the items, and punctuation. Omission of essential information, errors in spelling names, and inaccuracies in copying volume numbers, page numbers, or dates may force the reader to do additional bibliographic searching and will reflect upon the quality of the author's work. All citations in the manuscript must appear in the reference/bibliography section. Each reference/bibliographic entry is to be single-spaced with a double space between entries.  All entries are typed in a hanging indent format which means the first line is flush left and the following lines are indented one paragraph indentation.

Helpful Tutorials

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Department Approved Style Guides

College of Education

     Curriculum & Instruction


     Educational Leadership & Postsecondary Education APA
     Educational Psychology & Foundations APA
     Health, Recreation, & Community Services APA; AMA
     Kinesiology APA; AMA
     Special Education APA

College of Humanities, Arts and Sciences

     Biology CSE
     Communication Sciences & Disorders APA
     Communication Studies APA; MLA
     Languages and Literatures APA; MLA
     Mathematics Slade, Campbell, & Ballou; Turabian
     Mathematics Education APA
     Music APA; Irvine's; MLA; Turabian
     Science Education


     Technology APA

College of Social and Behavioral Sciences

     Applied Human Sciences

     Geography Chicago
     History Turabian
     Psychology APA
     Women's & Gender Studies Varies: consult advisor


Helpful Research Information

A Note on Citation Managers

Citation managers such as EndNote, Mendeley, and Zotero can be extremely helpful in managing and formatting your sources. Note that errors can still occur when using citation managers. As the researcher, you are responsible for checking all references to ensure proper formatting and inclusion.

Research Help Button (linked)