Note that the requirements outlined in this guide are for all theses, music abstracts, and dissertations submitted to the University of Northern Iowa. Style manuals (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) should be followed when citing sources and creating your reference page or bibliography. Page layout, headings, margins, page numbers, and other such formatting requirements should follow what is outlined here (and for a more in depth look at the requirements, please consult the Thesis and Dissertation Manual).
For questions regarding department specific requirements, please contact your Chair or Program Coordinator.
The tabs in this box will give you some preliminary steps to follow when you begin to setup your document. Review the Front Matter and Body Formatting for more information about how pages are setup and which pages are included in your work. Use the Thesis and Dissertation Manual for more information.
Note: This guide uses Word to format the work. Many requirements cannot be done in Google Docs or even Word Online.
Tip: Mark up shows the "non-printing characters" like indicators where spaces are or section and page breaks. Turn this on and off as you format to assist with seeing changes.
1. Start by setting the “normal” style and selecting the font you will use throughout. It should be 12-pt font. But you have some options as to which font you use. Times New Roman is recommended.
This will help ensure that the font remains consistent throughout the document.
2. Next, set the margins and ensure you apply them to the whole document.
3. Edit the headers so they start 0.75” from the top. Completing this action now should allow them to remain consistent throughout the document even with section breaks, however you should double check this when you insert a section break.
The first page of the work should be the Copyright page. This text will be centered horizontally as well as vertically. To center vertically:
There will have to be a section break after the copyright page to prevent the entire document from being center aligned.
Next you will format page numbers. Carefully review the manual and the information in the Front Matter section to determine which pages are numbered.
For music abstracts, page numbering is optional. If you choose to number your music abstract, start the numbering with 1 in Arabic numerals in the body of the abstract. Do not number your front matter. Enter a section break after your recital approval pages and follow the steps for inserting numbers in the body of the text that are outlined for thesis and dissertation.
For Thesis and Dissertation writers format the front matter with Roman numerals and the body of the work with Arabic numerals.
There will be several unnumbered pages after the copyright page. Leave at least one blank page after the copyright page and insert a section break at the end of it.
For the Front Matter, the first numbered page will be page ii in Roman numerals:
For the Body, the first numbered page will be 1 in Arabic numerals:
A "widow" is a single initial line of a new paragraph at the bottom of the page, and an "orphan" is a single terminal line of a paragraph at the top of a page. In other words, a single line of a paragraph is not allowed at either the top or bottom of a page. Either one or two spaces may be used after punctuation at the end of a sentence, as long as it is consistent throughout the entire thesis. This can be avoided by using the Widow/Orphan Control:
1. Under the Home Tab, open the Paragraph Dialog Box
2. On the Line and Page Breaks section, locate Widow/Orphan control and ensure it is checked
This is just a general overview. View the Thesis and Dissertation Manual for all requirements.
Page Margins are correct
Font is same type and point size throughout
Document is double spaced
Front Matter pages are numbered consecutively with lower case Roman numerals
The body of the thesis is numbered with Arabic numerals
Page numbers are 0.75" from the top of the page
Pages are in the order outlined in the manual
Table of Contents, List of Tables, and List of Figures have the correct page numbers listed
Headings follow the styles outlined in the manual
References and in text citations have been carefully reviewed and formatted according to the style guide approved by my department (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc)