This is the "Google Searching - Best Practices" page of the "Google Tools" guide.
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Learn how to make the most of your Google searches.
Last Updated: Aug 14, 2015 URL: http://guides.lib.uni.edu/google Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Google Searching - Best Practices Print Page
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Advanced Google Searching

     

  • Google Advanced Search
    Advanced Google Search will allow you to improve your odds of finding useful digital archives that might contain primary source material on your topic.

    In the "site or domain" option try typing in either ".edu" (which limits the search to university pages) or ".gov" (which limits the search to local, state, and U.S. government pages).

    Change the "terms appearing" pull-down many from "anywhere in the page" to "in the title of the page".
 

Google - intitle: - allintitle: - and using quotes

             

Here are a few of the most useful and heavily used Google search commands:

"quotes"   putting words in quotes will lock in a phrase

e.g.            the Google search: "North Carolina"      will look for that exact state

                   the Google search: North Carolina        
                  might find North Dakota and South Carolina

      

                     

intitle:        looks for a particular word or phrase (but not all words) in the title of the website

e.g.            LibGuide  intitle:"civil war"    

This search looks for "civil war" in the title but not the word LibGuide

e.g.            "digital archive"    intitle:slavery

This search looks for slavery in the title of the website but not the phrase "digital archive"

Be sure the word or phrase is immediately adjacent to the command intitle: (no spaces)   

This command should be typed in lower case letters.

   

    

allintitle:    asks for all words and phrases to be found in the title of the website

e.g.            allintitle:  baseball   "digital archive"   Yankees

Note - phrases and words do NOT need to be adjacent to the allintitlecommand

This command should be typed in lower case letters.

 

LibGuides

LibGuides are websites - put together by librarians - that focus on particular topics.  While some (much) of the content may be restricted to a particular campus or library - many LibGuides will also list free (open access) materials under categories such as "internet resources" - "websites" - "digital collections" - "digital libraries".

If I was looking for digital archives on the history Native Americans I might try various Google searches such as:

  • libguide  intitle:"internet"   "native american"  site:.edu

  • libguide intitle:"digital archives"  "native american"  site:.edu

  • libguide intitle:"digital collections"  "native american"  site:.edu
 

The - site: - command in Google

   

site:     this command limits to websites from a particular site or domain

e.g.      "digital collections"   "great awakening"   site:.edu

This search limits results to college and university websites  (.edu)

e.g.      "digital archives"   intitle:abolition   site:.gov

This search limits results to local, state, and federal government websites (.gov)

Be sure the word or phrase is immediately adjacent to the command "site:"  (no spaces)   

    

The "site:" command can also be used to search the website of an organization.  To do this find the organization online - e.g. New York Public Library - and take the root of the URL (web address) - the part after the "www" and before the first slash "/"

e.g.      http://www.nypl.org/collections    use  "nypl.org" in the command

e.g.      "digital collection"    abolition    site:.nypl.org 

To search the webpages of the United Nations - find a web address of the United Nations - http://www.un.org/en/ - and use the root of this web address - "un.org"

e.g.     "digital library"     slavery      site:un.org  

 

Additional Google Commands

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