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SOC SCI 1045/SW 2045 - American Racial & Ethnic Minorities - Creighton-Smith

Background Resources (ie. Historical Context, definitions)

Search in ebooks for particular concepts/people/problems/topics. Article citations provided.

Researching Organizations/Movements


  • Go beyond the organization/movement websites and staff/volunteers. See Newspapers box and resources listed below.
  • Research the broader social issue/problem the organization addresses. See Resources by Social Issue tab.
    • Try different/related terms. Example: Disproportionate minority contact may also be called minority overrepresentation in juvenile justice system.
  • Don't worry if there isn't much online about small/local organizations. Not everything is Googleable. Again, focus on the broader issue.
  • Is it part of a larger national/international organization/movement? Research the umbrella organization/movement.
  • An interview can be a source.

Journal or Magazine?

Journal articles (research paper requires at least 3)

  • Often referred to as scholarly journals or research journals or peer-reviewed journals.
  • Written for experts or college students in the academic field or discipline.
  • Authors are scholars, usually professors or researchers, with a graduate degree in the field.
  • Terminology used in the article is specialized-that of the discipline- and may contain jargon.  The vocabulary assumes the reader has some knowledge of the subject.
  • Cite sources in a full bibliography at the end.
  • Long and in-depth--often 15+ pages.
  • Few, if any, advertisements.

​So how do you figure these articles out? See Reading & Analyzing Scholarly Sources tab for tips & tutorials.


  • Often referred to as popular magazines.
  • Authors are usually journalists with no special training in the field, editorial staff members, or free-lance writers.
  • Written for the general public and often focus on news, offer entertainment, or provide brief information about diverse topics.
  • Usually do not cite sources or just refer to names of people or sources quoted, without full bibliography.
  • Short--a few pages or less.
  • Lots of ads.

Not sure? Just ask!

Find Scholarly Articles