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SLS 6295 - Research in Library and Information Science

Google Techniques

Limit to government and organizational sites  (site:)

  • Example:  "minority health"  site:gov

  • Example: "access to healthcare"

Use quotes around a single word/phrase to force Google to include a word/phrase

  • Example:  "iowa"  "health literacy"

  • Example: "poverty"  "race" 

Use quotes around a phrase to keep next to each other

  • Example:  "maternal mortality"

Add the word "statistics" to include it

  • Example:  "poverty"  "statistics"

Use minus sign (-) to exclude words

  • Example:  "maternal mortality" -infant

Step-by-step Tutorials on How to Use Google

Advanced Research Techniques

Advanced Research Techniques

Below are documents that show how to find more research using the "Snowball Technique" where you can locate older research (using
bibliographies) and find more current research (using Cited By in Google Scholar). 

Peer-Review Check - Option #2 - "UlrichsWeb"



For instance if I search for journals with the words "special education" in the title UlrichsWeb indicates that:

Rural Special Education Quarterly is refereed (it is peer reviewed)

Advances in Special Education is not

Special Education in Canada is not

How to use UlrichsWeb to determine if an article is peer-reviewed (refereed)


WARNING  the Black Book Icon (or referee icon) is the icon to watch for when determining if a journal is peer-reviewed (refereed).  Do not pay any attention to the gold stars (which are labeled "reviewed" ... but in this case that just means the journal was "reviewed" by a librarian for UlrichsWeb ... it does NOT mean that the journal is "peer reviewed").


You can also click on the title of the entry - e.g. Rural Special Education Quarterly - and then click on the option "Additional Title Details" which will also confirm that the journal is indeed "peer reviewed".

UlrichsWeb Additional Title Details will indicate if a journal is refereed (peer-reviewed)