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Communication Sciences and Disorders

Research Tips

Tips for Finding Articles Related to Clinic Observations

Translating clinical experiences into a search to find articles can be difficult at times. If these tips don't yield results, email Angie Cox ( for further assistance.

  • In one of the search boxes, use the keywords "intervention" or "therapy" or "treatment"

  • Broaden your search beyond the therapy goals

    • Example: Instead of typing in /g/ sound in the initial position of words, look at articulation therapy or velar sounds

  • Don't necessarily search for the age of your client

    • Example: Instead of searching for therapy for 4-year-olds, search for articulation therapy. If you need to narrow it more than that, add the keyword children.

  • For articulation therapy, use the slash (/) marks around the speech sound in your searches.  


More about Searching for Articulation Therapy Techniques

Searching for techniques for specific speech sounds is difficult. You can use the slash (/) marks; however, sometimes databases ignore those slashes and they will search for anything with 'g' rather than '/g/.'  That can be problematic.

When looking for articulation therapy techniques specifically, try the following:

  • Search by technique (e.g., shaping)

  • Search by phonetic placement or manner (i.e. velar, labial, stop, fricative, nasal)

  • Search generally, using the phrase 'articulation' or 'speech sounds'


Search Examples

These examples are explained in the text above.

Search by technique.  You may need to put in more search terms especially if the technique is generic enough.  In the example below, shaping is general enough that you need to add shaping in articulation.