Finding the DOI with Crossref
For journals with Direct Object Identifiers you place the DOI at the end of the citation.
APA recommends that the DOI should be in the form https://doi.org/10.1037/arc0000014
If Crossref contains the article you will find the DOI at the bottom of the entry for that article.
So for the article:
Reppy, D., & Larwin, K. H. (2020). The association between perception of caring and intrinsic motivation: A study of urban middle school students. Journal of Education, 200(1), 48-61.
We need to find the DOI for this article.
So take the title “The association between perception of caring and intrinsic motivation: A study of urban middle school students” … and plug this into Crossref.
The DOI found there is https://doi.org/10.1177/0022057419875123
So place DOI at the end of the article as follows:
Reppy, D., & Larwin, K. H. (2020). The association between perception of caring and intrinsic motivation: A study of urban middle school students. Journal of Education, 200(1), 48-61. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022057419875123
What about a journal article that DOESN’T have a DOI?
If you check your article for a DOI in Crossref and it doesn’t appear than you’ll need to use the web address (URL) that is associated with the article (note APA 7 no longer requires the words "Retrieved from" to precede a non-DOI URL).
Suppose you want to place the following article in your “References.”
Tarc, P., & Beatty, L. (2012). The emergence of the International Baccalaureate diploma in Ontario: Diffusion, pilot study and prospective research. Canadian Journal of Education, 35(4).
A search of “The emergence of the International Baccalaureate diploma in Ontario: Diffusion, pilot study and prospective research.” in Crossref does not yield a DOI. So instead you should search for this title in Google Scholar which indicates this article is available via JSTOR at …
APA 7th now permits shortening of URLs so the first part of the URL - https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/canajeducrevucan.35.4.341.pdf - which also points to the citation for this article could be used instead.
So the final citation should be:
Tarc, P., & Beatty, L. (2012). The emergence of the International Baccalaureate diploma in Ontario: Diffusion, pilot study and prospective research. Canadian Journal of Education, 35(4). https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/canajeducrevucan.35.4.341.pdf
Citing journal articles in APA 7th with a Direct Object Identifier (DOI).
Alkharusi, H. (2017). Predicting students’ academic achievement: Contributions of perceptions of classroom assessment tasks and motivated learning strategies. Electronic Journal of Research in Education Psychology 14(40) 515-533. https://doi.org/10.14204/ejrep.40.15177
Kjeldsen, T. H., & Blomhøj, M. (2012). Beyond motivation: History as a method for learning meta-discursive rules in mathematics. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 80(3), 327-349. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10649-011-9352-z
Weidinger, A. F., Steinmayr, R., & Spinath, B. (2017). Math grades and intrinsic motivation in elementary school: A longitudinal investigation of their association. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 87(2), 187-204. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12143
For articles without a Direct Object Identifier (CrossRef does not find a DOI for this article) simply use the web address (URL) associated with the article.
Pourdavood, R. G., Grob, S., Clark, J., & Orr, H. (1999). Discourse and professional growth: Processes, relationships, dilemmas, and hope. School Community Journal, 9(1), 33-48. http://www.adi.org/journal/ss99/PourdavoodGrobClarkOrrSpring1999.pdf
Citing Books and Chapters of Books
APA 7th guidelines:
Treat the authors, date, and title as before (with the title in italics).
APA 7th requires an edition number after the title e.g. (4th ed) but this is not in italics.
APA 7th no longer requires a “place of publication” - just the name of the publisher.
APA 7th - For ebooks only use a DOI if it exists. Only use a URL if:
For an entire book in print cite as follows:
Carr, M. (1996). Motivation in mathematics. Hampton Press.
For a chapter from a book in print cite as follows:
Dorfler, W. (1999). Mathematics provides tools for thinking and communicating. In C. Hoyles, C. Morgan, & G. Woodhouse (Eds.), Rethinking the mathematics curriculum (pp. 75-86). Falmer Press.
For an entire ebook (that does not have a DOI) cite as follows:
Hall, N.C. & Goetz, T. (2013). Emotion, motivation, and self-regulation: A handbook for teachers. Emerald Group Publishing. https://northern-iowau-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/1a1g5a8/01NRTHIOW_ALMA51128858790002841
For a chapter from an ebook that has a DOI cite as follows:
Harackiewicz, J., Tibbetts, Y., Canning, E., & Hyde, J. (2014). Harnessing values to promote motivation in education. In S. Karabenick & T. Urdan (Eds.), Motivational interventions (pp. 71-105). Emerald Group Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1108/s0749-742320140000018002