Skip to Main Content

Research in Education

Resources and examples of techniques for researchers in educational psychology, foundations, and leadership studies (EPFLS).

Google Scholar Search Techniques

It is possible to use the command  intitle:  in a standard Google Scholar search blank to limit certain words to the title while allowing other words to appear anywhere in the article.  Be sure that the term or phrase (which should be typed in quotes)  is entered immediately to the right of the colon in  intitle:


Example 1 - a search for an article that contains the phrase "mass media" in the title and also contains the word "China" somewhere else in the article:




Example 2 - a search for an article that contains both the word "internet" and the word "censorship" in the title, and also contains the phrase "Middle East" somewhere in the article:

Adjusting the Publication Date (Getting to Recent Research)

Google Scholar ranks your results in part based on the number of times an article has been cited.  Since it takes a while for even the best research articles to accumulate a large number of citations this means that Google Scholar will tend to display older research.


To adjust your results so that you can view results from a particular year - or so you can view the most recent research - use one of the date options found on the left-hand side of the page.

Can I limit to "research" with Google Scholar? ...... Perhaps? ...... Try including "results" and "discussion".

Though Google Scholar doesn't have an option to limit to empirical studies (research) you might be able to modify your searches to increase the odds of retrieving research articles.

Since most research articles include sections titled Discussion and Results you could include both of these words - in quotes - as part of your search.

Adding the words discussion and results - both in quotes - to your Google Scholar searches in an effort to retrieve empirical studies (research).

Do the articles I find in Google Scholar come from Peer-Reviewed (Refereed) Journals?