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Formatting Your Thesis/Dissertation: 5. Reference / Bibliography / Works Cited

Learn about Graduate College formatting requirements.

Citing Sources

All theses and dissertations should contain appropriate documentation; that is, references to original literature relevant to the research presented in the paper. The first page of the reference/bibliography section should immediately follow the last page of the text. The latest edition of the department style manual should be consulted as to the information requirements of an entry, the order of presentation of the items, and punctuation. Omission of essential information, errors in spelling names, and inaccuracies in copying volume numbers, page numbers, or dates may force the reader to do additional bibliographic searching and will reflect upon the quality of the author's work. All citations in the manuscript must appear in the reference/bibliography section. Each reference/bibliographic entry is to be single-spaced with a double space between entries.  All entries are typed in a hanging indent format which means the first line is flush left and the following lines are indented one paragraph indentation.

Department Approved Citation Manuals

Departmental Approved Style Manuals*

*There may be some variation in approved styles. Please consult with your committee and program if you have a question about which style to use.


College of Education

Curriculum & Instruction: APA

Educational Psychology, Foundations & Leadership Studies: APA

Health, Recreation & Community Services: APA; AMA

Kinesiology: APA; AMA

Special Education: APA


College of Humanities, Arts and Sciences

Biology: CSE

Communication Sciences & Disorders: APA

Communication Studies: APA; MLA

Languages and Literatures: APA; MLA

Mathematics: Slade, Campbell, & Ballou; Turabian

Mathematics Education: APA

Music: APA; Irvine’s; MLA; Turabian

Science Education: APA

Technology: APA


College of Social and Behavioral Sciences

Applied Human Sciences: APA

Geography: Chicago; APA

History: Turabian

Psychology: APA

Women’s & Gender Studies: Varies; Consult Advisor

Formatting the Page

Formatting the Page (References, Bibliography, or Applicable List of Citations)

The page listing the full bibliographic information for all sources that are cited in the paper will start at the top of the next page immediately following the last sentence of the body of the work. Insert a "Page Break" following the last line of text in the body of the work and insert the applicable heading for your citation page in all caps at the top of the new page. This should be linked to Heading 1 (it will appear in your Table of Contents at the same level as chapter headings). The heading will correspond with the citation style that you have been using throughout your paper (example: APA style utilizes a REFERENCE heading).

Image shows a page break indicator at the bottom of a page and a heading linked to the H1 setting at the top of the new page.

No matter what the dictated style for this page is per the style manual, this page will have single spaced entries with a double space between each entry. The entries will be left aligned with a hanging indent on subsequent lines (see the Helpful Word Tips).

Properly formatted reference page